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|Title:||Arctic Frontiers 2013: Geopolitics & Marine Production in a Changing Arctic|
|When:||16:00 20.01.2013 - 18:00 25.01.2013|
|Description:||Geopolitics and Marine Production in a Changing Arctic|
New challenges create new opportunities, and this fundamental principle lies at the core of how we must explore, develop, and manage our Arctic frontiers. Interest in exploitation of Arctic resources immediately raises questions of sovereignty and challenges the current politics of interstate security and governance.
In this climate of disputes and shifting international relationship structures, energy extraction, maritime traffic, and harvesting of biological productivity are expanding. Significant gaps exist in understanding the ecological systems supporting Arctic productivity, and the social, political, and economic structures guiding development and security. In addition, these challenges take place against the backdrop of the most intense period of climate change in human history, in the area of the globe experiencing the most pronounced warming. In recent years, however, enhanced technology and scientific collaboration, together with the realization of common national interests in security and development, have brought the Arctic closer together and better integrated into global contexts. This creates the unprecedented opportunity for developing a pan-Arctic perspective for sustainable and peaceful development of the region and its resources.
Arctic Frontiers (http://www.arcticfrontiers.com/) is composed of a policy section and a scientific section. This call for papers addresses only the scientific section from January 23th to January 25th 2013.
Three parallel science parts will cover:
Part I: Geopolitics in a Changing Arctic
Arctic security in a global context
The Arctic in a global energy picture
New stakeholders in the Arctic
Part II: Marine harvesting in the Arctic
Introduced species, immigration and fate of resident species
Prospective harvest of marine biological resources in the Arctic
Part III: Arctic Marine Productivity
Productivity at lower trophic levels
Role of microbial community in regeneration and energy transfer
Sea ice (direct and indirect effects on production and the fate of production)
Primary and secondary producers
The fate of production (incl. coupling processes and trophic cascading effects)
Modeling efforts, status of current predictability
Observations and methodology on various scales
In addition, we have invited keynote lecturers representing scientific topics to present at the policy section forming a bridge between the two sections.
Interested scientists are invited to submit abstracts to one of these three parts for both oral and poster presentations. Abstracts can be submitted online from July 1st at http://www.arcticfrontiers.com.
1 July 2012 Online abstract submission on www.arcticfrontiers.com open
24 October 2012 Deadline for submission of abstracts
The official language will be English. Conference updates, programmes, etc. will be posted on this web site as information becomes available. Conference news and updates are announced on http://www.arcticfrontiers.com, Facebook and Twitter.
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact the science conference coordinator, Matias Langgaard Madsen ( email@example.com).
Part I: Geopolitics in a Changing Arctic
This part addresses the issues of security, energy and interstate relations in the Arctic. An overall aim is to identify conditions for continued stability in light of new developments in the region. A warming Arctic with less ice may involve opportunities in terms of economic activity and increased interstate cooperation, but it may also present Arctic stakeholders with new challenges in terms of how best to meet their interests and at the same time interact with other stakeholders through mutually beneficiary relations.
How do states in and outside the region prepare strategically for the new Arctic reality? How does the global security architecture impact on security in the Arctic? How important is Arctic oil and gas production for global demand and the energy security of various states? How does increased economic activity in the region influence on relations among states with interests in the region and hence the security environment? And finally, what are the interests of non-Arctic states in the region, what are their Arctic agendas and how do they impact the geopolitics of the Arctic?
The part Geopolitics and security in a Changing Arctic addresses these and related questions in three various sessions.
Session 1 – Arctic security in a global context
Arctic states have gone through and are going through a process of redefining their interests and policies for the region. This session discusses what this means for Arctic security dynamics. A major question for policy makers is how to best ensure continued international collaboration in the region. A scholarly answer to this question requires analysis of conditions for continued stability. A primary goal of this session is to identify such conditions by analyzing questions and issues such as:
How do we study security in an Arctic context – theoretical reflections
The impact of global security dynamics on Arctic security
How is the Arctic influenced by great power politics
The impact of Arctic security dynamics on interstate relations in other regions of the world
The strategic importance of the Arctic to key states – continuity and change
The role of UNCLOS in regulating state action and economic activity in the Arctic
The role of the Arctic Council in regulating state action and economic activity in the Arctic
New sea routes
The case of Svalbard
Session 2 – The Arctic in a global energy picture
The Arctic's potential to become a new, thriving energy region is an important part of current Arctic scholarly and political debate. This session assesses the potential of the Arctic and its sub regions as a new oil and gas region. How may energy developments impact interstate relations in the region on the one hand and relations between Arctic and non-Arctic stakeholders on the other hand? We encourage interdisciplinary discussions that combine the fields of political science and economics. The following topics are of particular interest:
Global energy developments: impacts on Arctic developments
The Arctic's contributions to energy security (the North American and European Arctic)
Oil and gas producers strategies for the Arctic
Jurisdictional issues linked to energy developments and boundaries
Developments in the energy sector of various Arctic states: implications for Arctic development
Session 3 – New stakeholders in the Arctic
Non-Arctic stakeholders such as Asian and European states that do not border the region, and the European Union, are increasingly opening their eyes to the changing Arctic. What does this new interest consist of? How do new states grow into the Arctic, and how does this influence interstate relations in the region? What are the conditions for continued stability in the situation of increased presence and involvement of these actors in Arctic affairs? With these major questions in mind, the session particularly focuses on:
China's interest in the Arctic and relations with Russia and other Arctic states
South Korea's interests in the Arctic
Japan's interests in the Arctic
India's interests in the Arctic
The EU Arctic policy and its member states
Cooperation and conflict in the Arctic related to new actors
Provided that a sufficient number of papers of high academic standards are presented, the aim is to submit selected papers for publication in a special issue of an international peer reviewed journal.
Members of the scientific programme committee for Part I: Kristine Offerdal (Convenor), Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, Professor Dag Harald Claes, University of Oslo, Michael Bravo, Scott Polar Research Institute.
Part II: Marine harvesting in the Arctic
In a warmer Arctic, the living conditions will change at all trophic levels of the marine ecosystem. Increased air and water temperatures are assumed to reduce the ice covered areas substantially. Trophic interactions will change as well
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